Descriptions and articles about the Crow Killer, scientifically known as Anamirta cocculus in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview; Comprehensive Desc. Woody climbers. Leaves alternate, x cm, broadly ovate, apex acute, base truncate, 5-ribbed, coriaceous; petiole cm long. Flowers unisexual. Common name: Fish Berry, Indian berry, Levant nut • Hindi: काकमारी Kakamari • Kannada: chiplothi, chippula kaayi, chipula koll.
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Inflorescence a panicle, cauliflorous, spreading or pendulous, cm long with lateral branches cm long, glabrous, bracteoles about 0. The fruit and especially the seed contain picrotoxin, a very strong poison. The resulting paste is made into pellets used as fish bait.
Despite its longstanding use no reports of cultivation, let alone breeding efforts have been recorded. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities feeding, mating, etc. Leaves alternate, x cm, broadly ovate, apex acute, base truncate, 5-ribbed, coriaceous; petiole cm long. Of the latter 2, only picrotoxinin is pharmacologically active. The domatia in the leaves of A. Encyclopedia of Life EOL. On the GABA receptor site, barbiturates bind close to the chloride channel and, at least in part, increase chloride-ion conductance mimicking GABA activation.
Pollination is probably effected by insects which are attracted by the scent of the flowers. Observation specific search options Observed during. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat.
Anamirta cocculus (PROSEA) – PlantUse English
Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. They were known to the physicians of the Arabic schools from the tenth century, and in the following centuries passed on to Aanamirta, obtaining the name “cocci orientalis”. Search in all groups Search within this group.
The resulting powder is simply thrown in the water to stupefy the fish. Commercial Organic Analysis – Vol. Kolhapur, Nasik, Sindhudurg Karnataka: Periyar Tiger Reserve When the endogenous agonist GABA is released into the synaptic cleft, the receptor opens its ion channel, resulting in an influx of chloride ions and hyperpolarization of the membrane, thus being responsible for the resulting pharmacological effects.
These data cocculus the hypothesis that GABAergic mechanisms at different levels of the neuraxis exert opposite effects on cardiac vagal activity, and that GABAergic mechanisms in both the brainstem and forebrain inhibit the release of vasopressins into the systemic circulation. Can include ecosystem services. Early Papers and Some Memories.
The poisoning ccoculus results in clonic convulsions; during spasms and intervals of relaxations the pupils correspondingly contract or dilate. The leaves may be used as a qnamirta for headache, stomach-ache or delayed menstruation.
Due to this mechanism the compounds can, and have been used as antidotes in barbiturate poisonings. Send a request for permission.
However, they can easily be distinguished. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement what happens when the organism is cocculys. Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation.
Retrieved from ” https: In South-East Asia the fruit of A. Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from July Articles with permanently dead external links Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles containing Marathi-language text Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms.
Due to their extremely narrow safety limits and variable outcome, however, they will never be used in general medical practice.
Views Read View source View history. In addition, the stem and roots contain only small amounts about 0. The seed, when taken internally, is a powerful poison for all vertebrates affecting the central nervous system, stimulating the motor and inhibitory centres in the medulla, especially the respiratory and vagus centres, acting on the heart and respiration.
In India, the fruits and seeds are made into an ointment for external application to treat skin diseases. The powdered fruit is used to treat acute barbiturate poisoning. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. Furthermore, the fruits contain the isoquinoline alkaloids menispermine, paramenispermine, magnoflorine, stephorine, berberine, palmatine and l,8-oxotetrahydropalmatine.
Anaimrta wood of the plant is used for fuel and carving. User Group specific search options Title.
Field tips Leaves shiny with tuft of hairs on the nerve axils. For fish poison fresh or dry semi-ripe fruits with or without the fruit pulp are ground with shell-fish, shrimp or small crabs.
When used as a medicine the ripe fruits of A. Picrotoxin and picrotoxinin are substances with a distinct pharmacological clcculus, i. In the past the fruit was sometimes used fraudulently cocculks the United Kingdom to flavour beers with its bitterness.