Synonyms: Lecythis bracteata, Barringtonia couroupita, Barringtonia pedicellaris There are two individuals of Couroupita guianensis listed as Heritage Trees. Major Threat(s): The habitat of this species has declined widely because of clearing for settlement, timber and agriculture, resulting in populations becoming . Couroupita guianensis, commonly known as cannonball tree, is a soft-wooded, deciduous tropical tree of the Brazil nut family that typically matures to ‘.
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Gives descriptions, photos and uses of a very wide range of fruit and guianenzis food-producing plants plus ornamentals. Back to Previous Page. Each fruit contains seeds which are embedded in an ill-smelling, soft red pulp which turns bluish-green when exposed to air. Close-up of flower Photograph by: Trees grown in public places often have warning signs about falling fruit. Dried rind of the fruit Photograph by: Fruits that remain whole may be broken open by animals such as pecarries. Each fruit typically takes 1 year or more to mature.
Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. Comments have to be approved courupita they are shown here. On windy days, the fruits often bang against each other on the tree creating a sound reportedly resembling a cannonade.
Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. Culture Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it is best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part courouptia. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Couroupita guianensis. Berg Couroupita venezuelensis R. Retrieved from ” https: The leaves, which occur in clusters at the ends of branches, are usually 8 to 31 centimeters 3 to 12 inches long, but can reach lengths of up to 57 centimeters coueoupita inches.
Foot traffic should not be permitted under the drip-line of this tree because falling fruit can seriously injure or kill human beings. Couratari pedicellaris Rizzini Couroupita acreensis R. It has been used to treat the common coldstomachacheskin conditions and wounds, malariaand toothache. The seeds are covered with trichomes which may protect them as they pass through the animals’ digestive systems.
Antimicrobial, antimycobacterial and antibiofilm properties of Couroupita guianensis Aubl. Some trees flower profusely until the entire trunk is covered with racemes. Publisher David Hunt; Sherbourne, England. Silhouette of the tree Photograph by: Smaller fruits may contain about 65 seeds, while large ones can hold as many as Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 21 December Flowering trunk Photograph by: It is native to the rainforests of Central and South America and it is cultivated in many other tropical areas throughout the world ocuroupita of its beautiful, fragrant flowers and large, interesting fruits.
Couroupita guianensisknown by a variety of common names including cannonball tree,  is a deciduous tree in the family Lecythidaceaewhich also includes the Brazil nut Bertholletia excelsa and Paradise nut Lecythis gjianensis. Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference Articles with ‘species’ microformats. There are two areas of stamens: When the fruits fall to the ground, the hard, woody shell usually cracks open, exposing the pulp and seeds.
Year ISBN 0 3 6 Description A very terse guide to the trees of Peru, managing to give basic guides to a large number of genera, with more detail on a few species in each genus. Not for the casual reader. Couroupita guianensis is planted as an ornamental for its showy, scented flowers, and as a botanical specimen for its interesting fruit.
Couroupita guianensis – Plant Finder
Knuth Lecythis bracteata Willd. No serious insect or disease problems. Knuth Couroupita guianensis var. Close up of flowers Photograph by: Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it is best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.
The fruit is edible, but is not usually eaten by people because, in contrast to its intensely fragrant flowers, it can have an unpleasant smell. When ripe, fruits drop from the tree, usually splitting open as they hit the ground with an guianensos splat. The seeds are dispersed by animals that feed on the fruits.
Specific epithet is in reference to the Guianas where this tree is native. Genus name is a modification of the name of a native tree used in Tropical America. This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat Because of this, the sal tree is revered by many Buddhist people around the world. There are many medicinal uses for the plant. The pollinators must work their way between the two areas of stamens as they gather the pollen.
Native Amazonians use extracts of several parts of the tree to treat hypertensiontumorspainand inflammation.