The aim of this article is to draw attention to the work of a conflict analyst whose theory of ‘protracted social conflict’ – developed in a sustained. A Theory of Protracted Social Conflict. Edward E Azar, one of the forefathers of the conflict resolution field was the first to the describe violent events in the. 2 See Edward E. Azar, The Management of Protracted Social Conflict. Theory Theory of Protracted Social Conflict and the Challenge of Transforming Conflict.
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By bringing animosities to the forefront, it is hoped that the mutual benefits of ending the conflict can be realized. This precondition also involves the reliance that many people have on their social groups; because governments in areas that experience protracted social conflict are often unable, incapable or unwilling to provide basic human necessities to the population, individuals turn to their social groups for stability.
Therefore, to be effective, a conflict resolution framework must specifically emphasize the needs and identities of the conflicting parties.
Conflict resolution approaches that focus on resources, or the interests of parties, may be appropriate means of conflict resolution in conflicts where the only issues are those of resource and interests; however, in protracted social conflicts the main issue is identity-based. When Greek Cypriots wanted to reduce autonomy and representation of Turkish Cypriots, the latter opposed it and sockal violence broke out.
The relevance of Edward Azar’s theory of protracted social conflict in the context of Rwanda
From the research made, it has been found that Rwanda offers ample evidence to cinflict referred to as a protracted social conflict. This element, which contributes to the initial creation of protracted social conflict, consists of the fact that people involved in protracted social conflicts create their own identity groups.
Identifying the root causes of the Rwanda conflict might provide a baseline for redressing the evils in the country. But hostilities continued and even intensified. Weaker states, like those often involved in protracted social conflict, tend to be more influenced by outside connections both economically and politically.
Although the Cyprus conflict now lasts for a long time, its resolution does not seem to be close.
Such identity-driven rifts are the result of an underlying fear of extinction that often grows within vulnerable ethnic groups who live with the memories or fear of persecution and massacre. Azar argued that the denial of basic human needs to a large portion of the population initiated instances of protracted social violence.
Therefore, this research work is a potential significant contribution to the building of meaningful and sustainable peace in Rwanda. This results in the domination of certain identity groups over others. Some features of this site may not work without it.
In the northern part declared Turkish Federated State of Cyprus, which declared independence in as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprusrecognized only by Turkey. Retrieved from ” https: Journal of Conflict Resolution 49 6— The constitution brought a complex system of power-sharingbut both groups wanted to gain more advantages.
The communal groups may experience deep-seated cleavages based upon racial, religious, cultural or ethnic lines.
Protracted social conflict
He terms this approach the ARIA model. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. After parties have articulated their animosities, the next stage is termed the reflexive—reframing stage where the “why” and “who” of the issue is examined.
Such a need for structural change protractdd likely to result in a violent conflict. This first step focuses on the tangible “what of the conflict.
Azar states that protracted social conflicts can be characterized by “incompetent, parochial, fragile, and authoritarian governments that fail to satisfy basic human needs. The division fdward changed the demographics of Cyprus dramatically, putting it in a position where federalist model would be the most appropriate.
To overcome this division of society, national identity must be stressed edwardd individual group identity.
September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Studying protracted conflict leads one to conclude that peace is development in the broadest sense of the term. Before the independence of Cyprus profracted, the island’s Greek and Turkish communities coexisted relatively peacefully. The third stage is termed “inventing” and focuses on the “how” of “cooperatively resolving the conflict and its core through integrative solutions.
The resultant disconnection of society and the state can be linked to the colonial legacy, which, “artificially imposed Deward ideas of territorial statehood onto a multitude of communal groups.
The researcher used the qualitative research approach, through which he was able to find the different facts, opinions, attitudes, and experiences about Rwanda conflicts from different informants in Rwanda through interviews and focus groups discussions.
Conflict process Dispute resolution Sectarian violence. This invasion caused an exodus of aboutGreek Cypriots to the south. The war, that has continued since then, has almost completely disrupted civil administration in the northern province and caused economic devastation of the whole country.
Abstract The complexity of the conflict in Rwanda has called for the application of various theories, suggestions and recommendations to the situation by various scholars and researchers in an attempt for conflict resolution. The effect of this stage is termed resonance, as each side has articulated their core concerns and heard the concerns of the other actors. The incidents escalated into a war in Julyafter the island-wide pogrom against Tamils.
Numerous peace proposals and plans have been made, but more or less unsuccessful. Four preconditions are isolated by Azar as the predominant sources of protracted social conflict: Therefore, the theory needs to be accorded due recognition. Tamil secessionists saw the establishment of their own separate state as the only way for securing their people.
The lead section of this article may need to be rewritten.
It attempts to break down “the barrier of identity through a four-phased process.