This page report, classified Secret, was drafted in July as a comprehensive guide for training interrogators in the art of obtaining. during the opening or reconnaissance phases of the interrogation. KUBARK Manual: A User’s Guide to Torture? – The KUBARK manual was written by the CIA in the s as a means of standardizing interrogation techniques.
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As a soldier or officer he may have been decorated for bravery; but if so, his comrades may suspect that his exploits resulted from a pleasure in exposing himself cojnterintelligence danger and the anticipated delights of rewards, approval, and applause. They are convinced that the justice of the claim is plain for all to see and that any refusal to grant it is willfully malignant.
Documents from Bloc countries, or those which are in any respect unusual or unfamiliar, are customarily sent to the proper field or headquarters component for technical analysis. The interrogator pretends amazement and says into the recorder, mankal thought he was only a courier; and counterinteloigence he had told us the truth, I planned to let him go.
The interrogator who senses or determines in the opening phase that what he is hearing is a legend should resist the first, natural impulse to demonstrate its falsity. Personality Categories C.
If resistance is slight, mere persistence may overcome it; and detailed questioning may follow immediately. Anxious, self-centered interrogatees who are withholding significant facts, such as contact with a hostile service, are likelier to divulge if made to feel that the truth will not be used to harm them and if the interrogator also stresses the callousness and stupidity of the adversary in sending so valiant a person upon so ill-prepared a mission.
The use of unsuccessful techniques will of itself increase the interrogatee’s will and ability to resist. If he seeks to induce cooperation by an appeal to logic, he should first determine whether the source’s resistance is based on logic.
The intensely personal nature of the interrogation situation makes it all the more necessary that the KUBARK questioner should aim not for a personal triumph but for his true goal — the acquisition of all needed information by any authorized means.
CIA, KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation Manual
All available pertinent information ought to be assembled and studied before the interrogation itself is planned, much less conducted. Inexperienced interrogators find that listening to the interrogation while it is in progress can be highly educational. Kugark don’t need him any more. Gross lies about deeds of daring, sexual prowess, or other “proofs” of courage and manliness are best met with silence or with friendly but noncommittal replies unless they consume an inordinate amount of time.
In fact, it is likely to be a failure, and the interrogator should not be dissuaded from the effort to establish rapport by an inward conviction that no man in his right mind would incriminate himself by providing the kind of information that is sought.
Planning for knterrogation is more important than the specifics of the plan. The appeal will glance off ineffectually if the resistance is totally or chiefly emotional rather than rational. The proprietary interests of the iubark government will frequently dictate interrogation by a liaison service rather than by KUBARK.
We aim to maintain an inviting space to focus on intelligent interactions and debates. The person who avoids success has a conscience which forbids the pleasures of accomplishment and recognition. A fledgling or disaffected Communist or agent, for example, might be brought to confession and cooperation without the use of any external coercive forces other than the interrogation situation itself, through the above-described progression of subjective events.
But two cautions are in order. Views Read Edit View history. Refusals should be recorded, as well as indications that the walk-in has been briefed on the technique by another service. They are secretive and disinclined to confide in anyone else their plans and plots, which frequently concern the overthrow of some form of authority.
U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals – Wikipedia
The interrogator must know exactly what he wants to know. Real difficulties are more frequently created by interrogatees who have succeeded in withholding.
This stricture does not apply to the writing of autobiographies or on informational matters not a subject of controversy with the source. Even worse, a “dash-on-regardless” approach can ruin the prospects of success even if sound methods are used later. This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always mannual specifically authorized by the copyright owner.
During the next interrogarion session with the source, a part of the taped denunciation can be played back to him if necessary. At the same time it is necessary to make every effort to keep the subject from counnterintelligence through the interrogation process precisely where our informational gaps lie. In any case, there is bound to be some slanting of the facts unless the interrogatee redresses the balance.
Pauses are also significant. Those who urge the former argue that the basic emotional-psychological patterns do not vary significantly with time, place, or culture.
The causes of intense concealed anxiety are too complex and subtle to permit discussion of the subject in this paper. Basically, all schemes for labelling people are wrong per se; applied arbitrarily, they always produce distortions. The Theory of Coercion C. Embed TMS on your website! She may also ask the interrogatee directly for the proper spelling of a street, a prison, the name of a Communist intelligence ihterrogation, or any other factor closely linked ckunterintelligence the activity of which he is accused.
The preliminary psychological analysis of the subject makes it easier to decide whether he is likely to resist and, if so, msnual his resistance will be the product of fear that his personal interests will be damaged or the result of the non-cooperative nature of orderly-obstinate and related types.
kubxrk Detention poses the most common of the legal problems. The handling and questioning of defectors are subject to the provisions of [one or two words deleted] Directive No.
If withholding, they can often be handled effectively by the Mutt-and-Jeff technique discussed later in this paper. This study is by no means confined to a resume and interpretation of psychological findings.
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He may even have a system of morality that is all his own. It is important to understand that interrogation, as both situation and process, does of itself exert significant external pressure upon the interrogatee as long as he is not permitted to accustom himself to it. Interrogators who adopt them and who note in an interrogatee one or two of the characteristics of “Type A” may mistakenly assign counterintelligecne source to Category A and assume the remaining traits.
Playing upon his vanity, especially by praising his courage, will usually be a successful tactic if employed skillfully. The person cast in the informer’s role may have been let out a back door at the beginning of these proceedings; or if cooperative, he may continue his role.